Laparoscopic hernioplasty is assessed as a difficult operation. Operative technique determines the frequency of complications, the time of recovery and the rate of recurrences. A proper technique is absolutely necessary to achieve results that are superior to open hernia surgery.
The key points in our technique are 1) use of nondisposable instruments; 2) use of blunt trocars, consisting of expanding and non-incisive cone-shaped tips; 3) spacious and curved opening to the peritoneum, high above all possible hernia openings; 4) meticulous dissection of the entire pelvic floor; 5) complete reduction of the hernial sac; 6) wide parietalization of the peritoneal sac, at least down to the mid of psoas muscle; 7) implantation of a large mesh, at least 10 cm × 15 cm; 8) fixation of the mesh by clip to Cooper's ligament, to the rectus muscle and lateral to the epigastric vessels, high above the ileopubic tract; 9) the use of glue allows fixation also to the latero-caudial region; and 10) closure of the peritoneum by running suture.
With this technique in 12,678 hernia repairs, the following results could be achieved: operating time - 40 min; morbidity - 2.9%; recurrence rate - 0.7%; disability of work - 14 days. In all types of hernias (recurrence after previous open surgery, recurrence after previous preperitoneal operation, scrotal hernia, hernia in patients after transabdominal prostate resection), similar results could be achieved.
Laparoscopic hernia repair can be performed successfully in clinical practice even by surgeons in training. Precondition for the success is a strictly standardized operative technique and a well-structured educational program.
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