Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide provokes cultured rat chromaffin cells to secrete adrenaline.

Abstract

Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) provoked the rat chromaffin cells to secrete adrenaline. Within 20 min, the amount of adrenaline secreted by PACAP (10(-8) M) was as much as that caused by acetylcholine (10(-4) M). PACAP, but not acetylcholine, induced a long-term (over 120 min) increase in secretion of adrenaline. PACAP also activated adenylate cyclase and elevated cytosolic Ca2+ concentration. Furthermore, we found immunoreactive PACAP and PACAP binding sites in the rat adrenal medulla. These results suggest that PACAP has an important role in stimulating secretion of adrenaline in the adrenal medulla.

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